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ACCRA (AK-ruh)

The capital and largest city of Ghana

Common clues: Capital of Ghana; Port city of Ghana; West African capital; Gulf of Guinea port

Crossword puzzle frequency: Once a year

Frequency in English language: 44119 / 86800

News: Ghana Independence Day

Video: Journey Through Accra To Shambala

Accra, population 1,970,400 (2005), is the capital of Ghana. It is Ghana's largest city and its administrative, communications, and economic center. The chief manufactures are processed food, lumber and plywood, textiles, clothing, and chemicals.

Accra was founded by the Ga people in the 15th century as a centre for trade with the Portuguese, who built a fort in the town, followed by the Swedish, Dutch, French, British and Danish by the end of the seventeenth century.

The site of present-day Accra developed into a sizable town around British and Dutch forts: Jamestown the British district and Ussherstown the Dutch, the two areas forming the core of the modern city.

At the end of the British-Asante Wars, Accra became the capital of the British Gold Coast colony. After the completion of a railroad to the mining and agricultural hinterland, Accra became the economic center of Ghana. Large areas were destroyed by earthquakes in 1862 and 1939, but the city grew around a seaport (now relocated to Tema), and later a brewery, expanding into neighbouring towns.

Labadi beach. Very popular beach on the Atlantic ocean near Accra, capital city of Ghana.

The Accra Riots in 1948 launched the Ghanaian campaign for independence, which led to the Ghanaian Revolution and nationhood in 1957.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Accra".