Auguste Rodin was born on this day in 1840

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French sculptor of major importance

Common clues: “The Kiss” sculptor; “The Gates of Hell” sculptor; “The Age of Bronze” artist; “The Thinker" sculptor; French sculptor Auguste

Crossword puzzle frequency: once a year

Frequency in English language: 33348 / 86800

Video: Rodin Sculpture

Auguste Rodin (born François-Auguste-René Rodin; November 12, 1840–November 17, 1917) was a French artist, most famous as a sculptor. He was the preeminent French sculptor of his time, and remains one of the few sculptors widely recognized outside the visual arts community.

Although Rodin is generally considered the progenitor of modern sculpture, he did not set out to rebel against the past. He was schooled traditionally, took a craftsman-like approach to his work, and desired academic recognition, although he was never accepted into Paris's foremost school of art. Sculpturally, he possessed a unique ability to model a complex, turbulent, deeply pocketed surface in clay.

Many of Rodin's most notable sculptures were roundly criticized during his lifetime. They clashed with the predominant figure sculpture tradition, in which works were decorative, formulaic, or highly thematic. Rodin's most original work departed from traditional themes of mythology and allegory, modeled the human body with realism, and celebrated individual character and physicality. Rodin was sensitive to the controversy about his work, but did not change his style, and successive works brought increasing favor from the government and the artistic community.

During his lifetime, Rodin was compared to Michelangelo, and was widely recognized as the greatest artist of the era. In the three decades following his death, his popularity waned with changing aesthetic values.[63] Since the 1950s, Rodin's reputation has re-ascended; he is recognized as the most important sculptor of the modern era, and has been the subject of much scholarly work. The sense of incompletion offered by some of his sculpture, such as The Walking Man, influenced the increasingly abstract sculptural forms of the twentieth century. Though highly honoured for his artistic accomplishments, Rodin did not spawn a significant, lasting school of followers. His notable students included Antoine Bourdelle, Charles Despiau, the American Malvina Hoffman, and his mistress Camille Claudel, whose sculpture received praise in France. The French order Légion d'honneur made him a Commander, and he received an honorary doctorate from the University of Oxford.

Rodin restored an ancient role of sculpture—to capture the physical and intellectual force of the human subject—and he freed sculpture from the repetition of traditional patterns, providing the foundation for greater experimentation in the twentieth century. His popularity is ascribed to his emotion-laden representations of ordinary men and women—to his ability to find the beauty and pathos in the human animal. His most popular works, such as The Kiss and The Thinker, are widely used outside the fine arts as symbols of human emotion and character.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Rodin".  

RODIN (68) 17 Tu- >1 04 "The Thinker" sculptor

14 We- >1 09 "The Kiss" sculptor

5 Fr- >1 08 "The Gates of Hell" sculptor

5 Mo+ >1 97 "The Thinker" creator

4 Th+ >1 00 "The Age of Bronze" sculptor

3 Th- >1 08 "The Age of Bronze" artist

1 Th NYT 02 "Eternal Spring" sculptor

1 Th NYT 87 "Le Baiser" sculptor

1 Th NYT 96 "Le Penseur" sculptor

1 Th LAT 99 "The Age of Bronze" creator

1 Th WSJ 08 "The Burghers of Calais" creator

1 Th NYT 96 "The Burghers of Calais" sculptor

01 "Walking Man" sculptor

1 Th CHE 06 'The Kiss' sculptor

1 Mo NYS 03 'The Thinker' sculptor

1 We NYT 95 Balzac sculptor

00 Bartholdi contemporary

1 Tu NYT 57 Famous sculptor

00 French sculptor

1 Mo NYS 04 French sculptor Auguste

1 Sa NYT 06 He made a bust of Mahler

1 Fr NYT 87 He sculpted "The Thinker"

1 We NYT 87 He sculpted G.B.S.

1 Th NYT 83 He thought up "The Thinker"

1 Th LAT 02 Sculptor Auguste