The Festival of Lights begins today in Lyon

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LYON (lee-OHN)

A city in east central France

Common clues: Rhone's capital; French silk center; City NW of Grenoble; City on the Rhone; City south of Macon

Crossword puzzle frequency: once a year

Frequency in English language: 17605 / 86800

News: Living the life in Lyon, France

Video: Light Festival of Lyon, France

Lyon (Arpitan : Lyion), also known as Lyons (former names include Lugdunum), is a city in east central France. It is the third largest French city, the first being Paris and the second Marseilles. It is a major centre of business, situated between Paris and Marseilles, and has a reputation as the French capital of gastronomy and a significant role in the history of cinema.

Together with its suburbs and satellite towns, Lyon forms the second largest metropolitan area in France after Paris, with 1,783,400 inhabitants at the 2007 estimate, and approximately the 20th to 25th largest metropolitan area of Western Europe.

The "Fête des Lumières" expresses gratitude to Mary

Lyon was founded as a Roman colony in 43 BCE by Munatius Plancus, a lieutenant of Caesar, on the site of a Gaulish hill-fort settlement called Lug[o]dunon—from the Celtic sun god Lugus ('Light', cognate with Old Irish Lugh, Modern Irish Lú) and dúnon (hill-fort). Lyon was first named Lughunum meaning the "hill of lights" or "the hill of crows". Lug was equated by the Romans to Mercury. Lug's 'totem' was a cockerel (rooster), hence the Modern French association with 'le coq'.

As early as the 13th century, the Arpitans, residents of the region spoke a dialect of the Arpitan (often called the Franco-Provençal language too). This Lyonnais dialect was partly replaced by the French language as the importance of the city grew. Lyon was an early centre for printing books, and nurtured a circle of 16th century poets. For several centuries Lyon and its bouchons have been known as the capital of gastronomy, fine handweaving, and the silk trade. The Lumière brothers invented cinema in the town in 1895. December 8 each year is marked by "la Fête des lumières" (the Festival of Lights), a celebration of thanks to the Virgin Mary, who purportedly saved the city from a deadly plague in the Middle Ages. During the event, the local population places candles in their windows and the city of Lyos organizes and projects impressive large-scale light shows onto the sides of important Lyonnais monuments, such as the mediaeval Cathédral St-Jean. The church of Saint Francis of Sales is famous for its large and unaltered Cavaillé-Coll pipe organ, attracting audiences from around the world. Lyon also features a renowned opera house.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Lyon"

LYON (78) 16 Tu >1 03 City on the Rhone

5 Th- >1 05 Rhône's capital

4 We- >1 08 City on the Rhône

3 We >1 06 "Lolita" star Sue

3 Th- NYT 02 French silk center

3 Th >1 00 Rhone city

3 Tu+ >1 07 Sue of "Lolita"

2 Th- >1 07 Capital of Rhone

2 We- >1 01 City NW of Grenoble

2 Sa- >1 05 Mary who founded Mount Holyoke College

2 Th CHE 08 Site of Interpol's headquarters

2 Th Rea 04 Sue of Lolita

2 Th- NYT 02 Where the Rhone and the Saône meet

1 Th NYT 99 "Hell's Angels" star Ben

1 We CSy 99 "The Night of the Iguana" actress Sue

04 Actress Sue of "Lolita"

1 Th NYT 93 Actress in "The Flim Flam Man"

1 Fr NYT 87 Ampere's birthplace

1 Th NYT 02 Birthplace of Antoine de Saint-Exupéry

1 Sa NYT 03 Capital of Rhône

1 We NYT 00 Center of French resistance in W.W. II

1 Sa NYS 04 City at the confluence of the Rhône and Saône

1 Sa NYS 07 City divided into nine arrondissements

1 We Jon 05 City home to Interpol's headquarters

02 City in France