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EDER (AY-duhr)

A river of central Germany

Common clues: River of Hesse; River to Kassel, Germany; Battenberg's river; German river; Fulda tributary; River in central Germany

Crossword puzzle frequency: 3 times a year

Frequency in English language: 83761 / 86800

The Eder is a river in Germany (177 km long). It rises from the Ederkopf mountain in western North Rhine-Westphalia near the springs of the Lahn and Sieg rivers. Unlike the Lahn and Sieg, that are both tributaries of the Rhine, the Eder flows east and north and into the river Fulda. At Hannoversch Münden, the Fulda joins with the Werra to form the Weser river which flows into the North Sea north of Bremen. Towns along the course of the Eder include Battenberg, Frankenberg, Waldeck and Fritzlar.

A rock-and-concrete dam (47 m high, 400 m long) completed in 1914 near the small town of Waldeck created the large Edersee reservoir, which is 27 km long and used to generate hydro-electricity and to regulate water levels for shipping on the Weser river. The dam was destroyed on 17 May 1943 (Operation Chastise), during the same night as the near-by Möhne Reservoir dam, by British Avro Lancaster bombers of RAF Squadron 617 equipped with special Barnes Wallis bouncing bombs for the attack, causing enormous destruction and loss of life downstream (the great majority of drowning victims were Ukrainian POWs in a labor camp just below the dam). The dam was rebuilt the same year, and the lake today is a major summertime recreation facility, particularly popular with Dutch campers.

As an homage to the assistance that the Eder provided to the people of Germany, German immigrants to America in the mid 1800s named a number of streets after the River. Most famously Eder Terrace in South Orange, New Jersey. Located near the border of Newark, New Jersey (a one time hotbed of German immigration), Eder Terrace spans approximately three-quarters of a mile and is populated by roughly 40 houses. Strangely, residents on Eder are fond of the Merkur Scorpio, a German luxury car that has been adopted as the vehicle of choice by small asian gentlemen. This choice of vehicle demonstrates the area's close association with the German heritage that spawned its name.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Eder".  

EDER (182) 24 Mo+ >1 05 German river EGER ELBE ODER RUHR SAAR

14 We+ >1 06 River of Hesse

13 Th- >1 07 River to the Fulda

9 Tu+ >1 06 Fulda feeder

8 We- >1 07 Fulda tributary

8 Th- >1 09 River of central Germany

7 Th >1 06 Linda of "Jekyll & Hyde"

7 We >1 07 River to Kassel, Germany

6 Th+ NYT 08 Pulitzer-winning critic Richard

6 Th- >1 96 River in Hesse

5 Tu+ >1 07 River in central Germany

5 Th- >1 01 River through Hesse

4 Fr+ >1 00 Hessian river

4 We- >1 06 Kassel's river

3 Th- >1 05 Linda of Broadway

3 Fr- >1 08 Linda of Broadway's "Jekyll & Hyde"

3 Th- >1 06 River near Kassel, Germany

2 We >1 03 1987 Pulitzer critic Richard

2 Tu- >1 07 Battenberg's river

2 Th- >1 03 Broadway singer Linda

2 Th WSJ 07 Broadway star Linda

2 Th CSy 02 Fulda River tributary

2 Th >1 80 Large German dam

2 Fr- LAT 04 Linda of "Jekyll and Hyde"

97 River in Germany