Gold was discovered in California on this day in 1848

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ORO (OR-oh)

Spanish word for gold

Common clues: Spanish gold; Acapulco gold; Guadalajara gold; Pizarro's gold; Conquistador's quest; “___ y Plata” (Montana's motto)

Crossword puzzle frequency: 10 times a year

Frequency in English language: 69040 / 86800

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Early morning hath gold in its mouth - - Benjamin Franklin

Gold has been known and highly valued since prehistoric times. It may have been the first metal used by humans and was valued for ornamentation and rituals. Egyptian hieroglyphs from as early as 2600 BC describe gold, whose king Tushratta of the Mitanni claimed was as "common as dust" in Egypt. Egypt and Nubia had the resources to make them major gold-producing areas for much of history. Gold is also mentioned several times in the Old Testament. The south-east corner of the Black Sea was famed for its gold. Exploitation is said to date from the time of Midas, and this gold was important in the establishment of what is probably the world's earliest coinage in Lydia between 643 and 630 BC.

A gold nugget

The European exploration of the Americas was fueled in no small part by reports of the gold ornaments displayed in great profusion by Native American peoples, especially in Central America, Peru, and Colombia.

Gold has long been considered one of the most precious metals, and its value has been used as the standard for many currencies (known as the gold standard) in history. Gold has been used as a symbol for purity, value, royalty, and particularly roles that combine these properties.

Gold in antiquity was relatively easy to obtain geologically however 75% of all gold ever produced has been extracted since 1910. It has been estimated that all the gold in the world that has ever been refined would form a single cube 20 m (66 ft) a side.

The primary goal of the alchemists was to produce gold from other substances, such as lead — presumably by the interaction with a mythical substance called the philosopher's stone. Although they never succeeded in this attempt, the alchemists promoted an interest in what can be done with substances, and this laid a foundation for today's chemistry. Their symbol for gold was the circle with a point at its center, which was also the astrological symbol, the Egyptian hieroglyph and the ancient Chinese character for the Sun.

During the 19th century gold rushes occurred whenever large gold deposits were discovered, including the California, Colorado, Otago, Australia, Witwatersrand, Black Hills, and Klondike gold rushes.

Because of its historically high value, much of the gold mined throughout history is still in circulation in one form or another.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Gold".  

ORO (552) 36 Tu- >1 09 Spanish gold

32 Tu+ >1 03 Acapulco gold POT

31 Tu+ >1 06 Guadalajara gold

12 Th- >1 09 Conquistador's quest

12 We+ >1 08 El Dorado treasure

10 Tu+ >1 06 El Dorado's treasure

10 Tu+ >1 05 Pizarro's gold

10 We+ >1 02 Pizarro's quest

9 We+ >1 07 Granada gold

9 We+ >1 09 Treasure of the Sierra Madre

8 Tu+ >1 01 "___ y Plata" (Montana's motto)

7 Mo >1 97 Rio de ___

7 We- >1 09 Start of Montana's motto

6 We+ >1 08 Gold, in Granada

6 >1 00 Mexican gold

6 We- >1 06 Spanish treasure

6 Mo >1 06 Tijuana gold

5 We- >1 09 Conquistador's prize

5 Tu+ >1 00 Conquistador's treasure

5 Tu+ >1 93 Coronado's quest

5 Fr- >1 06 First word of Montana's motto

5 Tu- >1 99 Galleon gold

5 We- >1 08 Gold, in Guadalajara

5 Th- >1 03 Spanish Main booty

5 Tu+ >1 02 ___ y Plata (Montana's motto)

2 Tu- >1 08 Queen of Mount Olympus