Word of the Day – Saturday, April 23rd



Word of the Day


Clever Clue of the Month

The Cruciverbalist


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YAW (yaw)

An erratic deflection or side to side movement of a ship or aircraft, especially on a vertical axis

Common clues: Nautical lurch; Go off course; Deviate at sea; Deflects from a course; Fishtail; Swerve off course; Partner of pitch and roll; Pilot's problem

Crossword puzzle frequency: once a year

Frequency in English language: 45780 / 86800

Video: How to Fly an Airplane: Yaw Movement in an Airplane

Flight dynamics is the science of air vehicle orientation and control in three dimensions. The three critical flight dynamics parameters are the angles of rotation in three dimensions about the vehicle's center of mass, known as pitch, roll and yaw (quite different from their use as Tait-Bryan angles).

Aircraft engineers develop control systems for a vehicle's orientation (attitude) about its center of mass. The control systems include actuators, which exert forces in various directions, and generate rotational forces or moments about the centre of gravity of the aircraft, and thus rotate the aircraft in pitch, roll, or yaw. For example, a pitching moment is a vertical force applied at a distance forward or aft from the centre of gravity of the aircraft, causing the aircraft to pitch up or down.

Roll, pitch and yaw refer, in this context, to rotations about the respective axes starting from a defined equilibrium state. The equilibrium roll angle is known as wings level or zero bank angle, equivalent to a level heeling angle on a ship. Yaw is known as "heading". The equilibrium pitch angle in submarine and airship parlance is known as "trim", but in aircraft, this usually refers to angle of attack, rather than orientation. However, common usage ignores this distinction between equilibrium and dynamic cases.

The most common aeronautical convention defines the roll as acting about the longitudinal axis, positive with the starboard (right) wing down. The yaw is about the vertical body axis, positive with the nose to starboard. Pitch is about an axis perpendicular to the longitudinal plane of symmetry, positive nose up.

A fixed-wing aircraft increases or decreases the lift generated by the wings when it pitches nose up or down by increasing or decreasing the angle of attack (AOA). The roll angle is also known as bank angle on a fixed wing aircraft, which usually "banks" to change the horizontal direction of flight. An aircraft is usually streamlined from nose to tail to reduce drag making it typically advantageous to keep the sideslip angle near zero, though there are instances when an aircraft may be deliberately "sideslipped" for example a slip in a fixed wing aircraft.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Flight_dynamics".  

YAW (57) 10 We- >1 07 Go off course ERR

4 We CSy 03 Fishtail

4 >1 02 Swerve off course

2 Fr- >1 08 Deviate, nautically

08 Nautical swerve

2 We >1 08 Partner of pitch and roll

2 We >1 05 Deviate from a course

2 Th Rea 03 Rotate, as a rocket

2 Fr- NYT 01 Pilot's problem

2 Fr- >1 99 Deviate ERR

1 Th WSJ 09 Complement of pitch and roll

1 Th NYT 09 Rocket measure

1 Th WSJ 09 Twist in the sky

08 Sail off course

1 Th Rea 08 Veer, as a V2

07 Alternate

07 Deviate off course

1 Mo NYT 07 Deviation in a rocket's course

1 Th NYS 07 Wobble of a missile in flight

1 Th CHE 05 Deviate from the course

1 Tu NYT 05 Not fly absolutely straight

1 Mo NYS 05 Rotate about the vertical axis, as a rocket

1 Th WaP 05 Swerve at sea

05 Swing back and forth, as a ship

1 Th NYS 04 Deviate from a straight course