STLO (Saint Lo)
city almost totally destroyed during the Battle of Normandy
clues: Normandy town; WWII battle locale; D-Day town; French town
of WWII fame; 1944 battle site; Town near Caen; Manche's capital
3 times a year
veteran: They took me off the farm and took me to war
War Photography of Rodger Hamilton
is a city and commune
of France, the préfecture
(capital) of the
in Normandy. Population (1999): 20,090.
called Briovère (meaning "Bridge on the Vire River"
in Gaulish), the town is built on and around ramparts. Originally
it was a Gaul fortified settlement. The name "Saint-Lô",
known since the 8th century, originates from Saint Laud, bishop
of Coutances in 525–565, who had a residence here.
According to tradition, the town received a new line of walls
from Charlemagne in the early 9th century. It was sacked by the
Vikings in 890. Later it flourished under the bishop Geffroy de
Montbray, who built here a bridge and some mills.
was the third largest town in the Duchy of Normandy after Rouen
and Caen, and became part of France in 1202. In the 13th century
it was home to numerous craftsmen, and in 1234 a guild of tailors
was established in it. In 1275 it received from King Philip III
of France the right to coin, which it maintained until 1693.
the Hundred Years War it was sacked by the English, and in 1347
it was struck by plague. In 1378 it returned to France, but was
again under England from 1418 to 1449. Saint-Lô suffered
notably during the Wars of Religion: in 1562 it was captured by
the Huguenots and became a Protestant stronghold; in 1574 it was
besieged and partly destroyed by royal troops under Marshal de
Matignon. Two years later the seigneury of the bishops of
Coutances over the town ceased forever. In the mid-17th century
part of the walls were destroyed, and the town grew with a new
borough known as Neufborg. After the revocation of the edict of
Nantes (1685), most of its craftsmen abandoned Saint-Lô.
1795 it became capital of the Manche department. In 1858 it was
reached by the Paris-Cherbourg railway.
German army occupied the town on 17 June 1940. Being a strategic
crossroads, Saint-Lô was almost totally destroyed (95%
according to common estimates) during the Battle of Normandy in
World War II, earning the title of "The Capital of the
Ruins" from Samuel Beckett; it was even questioned whether
to rebuild it or to leave the ruins intact as a testimony to the
article is licensed under the GNU
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It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Saint-Lo”.
(303) 32 Tu- >1 99 Normandy town CAEN
Tu >1 06 WWII battle site
We+ >1 07 1944 battle site CAEN
We >1 03 Normandy battle site
Mo >1 07 Town near Caen
We >1 08 Capital of Manche
We+ >1 04 Manche's capital
Th >1 00 Town on the Vire
We+ >1 04 Manche capital
Tu+ >1 09 Normandy invasion town
We+ >1 03 Normandy battle town
We+ >1 01 W.W. II battle site
Th- >1 07 1944 invasion city
Fr >1 06 Capital of Manche department
We- >1 06 D-Day invasion town
Th >1 03 July 1944 battle site
Mo+ >1 06 Historic Normandy town
Mo+ >1 68 Caen's neighbor
We- >1 97 D-Day town CAEN
Th- CSy 06 Normandy town nearly destroyed in 1944
Fr+ >1 04 City west of Caen
Mo >1 04 W.W. II battle town
Mo >1 04 WWII battleground
Mo NYT 95 Normandy campaign town
Tu- >1 97 Historic Normandy city