name of Tokyo
formerly; Tokyo, once; Shogun's capital; Old Tokyo; Tokyo before
1868; Fishing village that became Tokyo; 19th-century samurai
8 times a year
in English language:
56319 / 86800
Years of Tokyo Transportation”
monkeys fall from trees ~ Japanese
once also spelled Yedo or Yeddo, is the former name of the
Japanese capital Tokyo. The pronunciation is "eh-doh."
While there had been early settlements on the hills at Tokyo Bay
for several centuries, the first major event in the history of
Edo was the building of the Edo Castle in 1457 by Ota Dokan.
foundation of the main tower at Edo Castle.
Tokugawa shogunate was established in 1603 with Edo as its seat
of government (de facto capital). (The emperor's residence, and
formal capital, remained in Kyoto, that city had been the actual
capital of Japan until that time.)
was devastated repeatedly by fires, the Meireki no Taika of 1657
perhaps having been the most serious one: an estimated 100,000
people perished in the flames. During the Edo period, there were
about one hundred fires, typically caused by accidents when the
mostly wooden townhouses (Machiya) were heated with charcoal
fires in winter.
1868, when the shogunate came to an end, the city was renamed
"Tokyo" which means "Eastern Capital"; during
the restoration, the emperor moved to Tokyo, making the city the
formal as well as de facto capital of Japan.
the Edo period, the Shogunate appointed administrators (machi
bugyo) to oversee the government of Edo. They oversaw the police
and (from the time of Yoshimune onward) the commoner fire
department (machibikeshi), heard criminal and civil suits, and
performed other administrative functions necessary in a city of a
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