sculptor/painter and a founder of Dada.
Ernst contemporary; Duchamp contemporary; Dadaist
Jean; Painter Jean; Dada's founder; Surrealist artist Jean; Dada
daddy; Klee contemporary
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Soon silence will
have passed into legend. Man has turned his back on silence. Day
after day he invents machines and devices that increase noise and
distract humanity from the essence of life, contemplation,
meditation. – Jean
(September 16, 1886 – June 7, 1966) was a sculptor,
painter, and poet.
was born in Strasbourg. The son of an Alsatian mother and a
non-Alsatian German father, he was born during the brief period
following the Franco-Prussian War when the area was known as
Alsace-Lorraine after it had been returned to Germany by France.
Following the return of Alsace to France at the end of World War
I, French law determined that his name become Jean.
1904, after leaving the Ecole des Arts et Metiers in Strasbourg,
he went to Paris where he published his poetry for the first
time. From 1905 to 1907, Arp studied at the Kunstschule, Weimar,
Germany and in 1908 went back to Paris, where he attended the
was a founding member of the Dada movement in Zurich in 1916. In
1920, as Hans Arp, along with Max Ernst, and the social activist
Alfred Grunwald, he set up the Cologne Dada group. However, in
1925 his work also appeared in the first exhibition of the
surrealist group at the Galerie Pierre in Paris.
1926, Arp moved to the Paris suburb of Meudon. In 1931, he broke
with surrealism to found abstraction-creation, working with the
Paris-based group abstraction-creation and the periodical,
the 1930s and until the end of his life, he wrote and published
essays and poetry. In 1942, he fled from his home in Meudon to
escape German occupation and lived in Zurich until the war ended.
visited New York City in 1949 for a solo exhibition at the
Buchholz Gallery. In 1950, he was invited to execute a relief for
the Harvard University Graduate Center in Cambridge,
Massachusetts would also be commissioned to do a mural at the
UNESCO building in Paris. In 1954, Arp won the Grand Prize for
Sculpture at the Venice Biennale.
1958, a retrospective of his work was held at the Museum of
Modern Art in New York City, followed by an exhibition at the
Musee National d'Art Moderne, Paris, France, in 1962.
Musee d'art moderne et contemporain of Strasbourg, houses many of
his paintings and scultures.
died in Basel, Switzerland.
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