Tall white hat worn by chefs
A woman's small round hat
hat; Brimless hat; Close-fitting hat; Chef's topper; Knitted cap;
Plumed velvet cap; Brimless woman's hat
2 times a year
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toque is a type of hat with a narrow brim or no brim at all. They
were popular from the 13th to the 16th century in Europe,
especially France. Now, it is primarily known as the traditional
headgear for professional cooks.
toque blanche (French for "white hat"), often shortened
to toque, is a tall, round, pleated, starched white hat worn by
chefs. The many folds on a toque blanche are believed to signify
the many ways that an egg can be cooked. Many toques have exactly
toque most likely originated as the result of the gradual
evolution of head coverings worn by cooks throughout the
centuries. Their roots are sometimes traced to the casque a meche
(stocking cap) worn by 18th-century French chefs. The colour of
the casque a meche denoted the rank of the wearer. Boucher, the
personal chef of the French statesman Talleyrand, was the first
to insist on white toques for sanitary reasons. The modern toque
is popularly believed to have originated with the famous French
chefs Marie-Antoine Carême and Auguste Escoffier.
Canada, toque, or tuque, is the common name for a knit winter
hat, like a watch cap or stocking cap. The word is pronounced
/tewk/ whereas other kinds of toques are still pronounced /tohk/
in Canada, as elsewhere. This usage was assimilated from Canadian
French tuque much later, and is first attested in writing around
fashion originated when the coureurs de bois, French and Métis
fur traders, kept their woollen nightcaps on for warmth during
cold winter days.
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Step on it!
Tu >1 04 Step on it, old-s