Enid Bagnold was born on this day in 1989

Word of the Day – Thursday, October 27th



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ENID (EE-nid, EH-nid)

1. Enid Bagnold: British author and playwright

2. A city of north central Oklahoma

3. The wife of Geraint

4. Enid Blyton: British children's author

Common clues: City west of Tulsa; Arthurian lady; Writer Bagnold; Oklahoma city; "National Velvet" author Bagnold; Geraint's love; Camelot lady; Children's author Blyton; British author Blyton

Crossword puzzle frequency: 16 times a year

Frequency in English language: 18195 / 86800

Video: National Velvet trailer

When a man goes through six years training to be a doctor he will never be the same. He knows too much. ~ Enid Bagnold

Enid Bagnold (October 27, 1889 – March 31, 1981) was a British author and playwright, best known for the 1935 story National Velvet, filmed in 1944 with Elizabeth Taylor.

She was born in Rochester, Kent and brought up mostly in Jamaica. She went to art school in London, and then worked for Frank Harris (who seduced her in an upstairs room at the Café Royal, one of his verifiable conquests).

She was a nurse during World War I, writing critically of the hospital administration and being dismissed. She then was a driver in France. In 1920 she married Sir Roderick Jones, becoming Lady Jones. She continued to use her maiden name for her writing.

Enid, Oklahoma

Enid is a city located in Garfield County, Oklahoma. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 47,045. It is the county seat of Garfield County.

Enid was founded during the opening of the Cherokee Outlet by land run in 1893. Today, the history of this era is preserved at the Museum of the Cherokee Strip, located in Enid. Vance Air Force Base was founded in 1941 on land leased by the city of Enid to the United States Army Air Force, now the United States Air Force. Enid was once home to Champlin Petroleum; the H. H. Champlin mansion is on the National Register of Historic Places. The town's early history was captured in The Cherokee Strip by Pulitzer-winning author Marquis James, who recounts his boyhood in Enid.

Geraint and Enid, also known by the title Geraint, son of Erbin, is a one of the Three Welsh Romances typically associated with the Mabinogion. It is analogous to Chrétien de Troyes' 12th century poem Erec and Enide; some scholars think the two derive from a common lost source, but most believe Geraint is based directly or indirectly on Erec (though Chrétien may have had a Celtic source). It survives in the White Book of Rhydderch and the Red Book of Hergest, both from the 14th century.

The romance concerns the love of Geraint and Enid. The couple marries and settles down together, but rumors spread that Geraint has gone soft. Upset about this, Enid cries to herself that she is not a true wife for keeping her husband from her chivalric dutie, but Geraint misunderstands her comment to mean she has been unfaithful to him. He makes her join him on a long and dangerous trip and commands her not to speak to him. Enid disregards this command several times to warn her husband of danger. Several adventures follow that prove Enid's love and Geraint's fighting ability. The couple is happily reconciled in the end, and Geraint inherits his father's kingdom.

Enid does not appear in Welsh sources outside of this romance, but Geraint was a popular figure already. Some scholars hold that the Erec from Chrétien's poem is based on Geraint, but others think the Welsh author simply replaced an unfamiliar French name with one his audience would recognize and associate with heroism.

Enid Blyton (11 August 1897 – 28 November 1968) was an English children's writer also known as Mary Pollock.

Enid Blyton with her daughters Gillian and Imogen in 1946.

Noted for numerous series of books based on recurring characters and designed for different age groups,her books have enjoyed huge success in many parts of the world, and have sold over 600 million copies.

One of Blyton's most widely known characters is Noddy, intended for early years readers. However, her main work is the genre of young readers' novels in which children have their own adventures with minimal adult help. Series of this type include the Famous Five (21 novels, 1942–1963, based on four children and their dog), the Five Find-Outers and Dog, (15 novels, 1943–1961, where five children regularly outwit the local police) as well as The Secret Seven (15 novels, 1949–1963, a society of seven children who solve various mysteries).

Her work involves children's adventure stories, and fantasy, sometimes involving magic. Her books were and still are enormously popular throughout the Commonwealth; as translations in the former Yugoslavia, Japan; as adaptations in Arabic; and across most of the globe. Her work has been translated into nearly 90 languages.

Blyton's literary output was of an estimated 800 books over roughly 40 years. Chorion Limited of London now owns and handles the intellectual properties and character brands of Blyton's Noddy and the Famous Five.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Enid Bagnold", "Enid, Oklahoma", “Enid_Blyton”, and “Geraint and Enid”.