Word of the Day – Thursday, November 17th



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PASHA (PAW-shuh)

Used formerly as a title for military and civil officers in Turkey and Egypt.

Common clues: Turkish bigwig; Ottoman title; Former Turkish dignitary; Turkish official; Turkish title; Eastern title; Ottoman VIP; Turkish big shot

Crossword puzzle frequency: 2 times a year

Frequency in English language: 36273 / 86800

Video: The Story of Istanbul

Pasha was a high rank in the Ottoman Empire political system, typically granted to governors and generals. As an honorary title, "Pasha" is roughly equivalent to "Sir".

Roger Fenton (1819 - 1869), Pasha and Bayadère, 1858, The J. Paul Getty Museum, Los Angeles

The Ottoman sultan of Turkey and (by delegation) the viceroyal khedive of Egypt had the right to bestow the title of Pasha. The title appears, originally, to have applied exclusively to military commanders, but subsequently it could distinguish any high official, and also unofficial persons whom the court desired to honour.

It was part of the official style of the Kapudan pasha (Great admiral of the entire Ottoman fleet)

Pashas ranked above beys and Aghas, but below khedives and viziers.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Pasha".