Bator: The capital and largest city of Mongolia
_____ Bator; It means “red” in Mongolian; Half an
Asian capital?; Bator's leader
5 times a year
in English language:
44739 / 86800
of a squeeze in Ulan Bator
Crossing, Ulan Bator, Mongolia
donkey that carries me is worth more than a horse that kicks me.
or Ulan Bator (Red Hero) is the capital of Mongolia.
In 1998 its
population was estimated at 650,000. It is situated north and
slightly east of the center of Mongolia, on the Tuul River, a
subtributary of the Selenga, in a valley at the foot of the
mountain Bogdo Uul.
in 1649 as a Buddhist monastery town named Urga,
it prospered in the 1860s as a commercial center on the tea route
between Russia and China. Mongolia first proclaimed its autonomy
in 1911, and when the city became the capital of the new
Mongolian People's Republic in 1924, its name was changed to
Ulaanbaatar ("red hero" in the Mongolian language), in
honor of Mongolia's national hero Suhbaatar, who liberated
Mongolia from Ungern von Sternberg's troops, Chinese rule, and
called in the Soviet Red Army. His statue still adorns
Ulaanbaatar's central square.
the Mongolian Lenin
has an international airport, Buyant Ukhaa Airport and is
connected by highway to all the major towns in Mongolia and by
rail to the Trans-Siberian railway and Chinese railroad systems.
The city has the only university in the country, Mongolian State
University. But there are number of colleges both private and
public. A historical library contains a wealth of ancient
Mongolian, Chinese, and Tibetan manuscripts.
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