of the Day
Clue of the Month
shipping magnate of the 20th
Common clues: Jackie’s second; Onassis; Jackie's
“O”; “Exodus” hero; Uris hero; Paul's
“Exodus” role; Onasis, to friends; “Exodus”
once a month
in English language:
15786 / 86800
If women didn't
exist, all the money in the world would have no meaning
~ Aristotle Onassis
Onassis (January 15, 1906–March 15, 1975) was the most
famous Greek shipping magnate of the 20th century.
was born in Smyrna, Ottoman Empire (now Izmir, Turkey). At the
time of his birth, Smyrna had a significant Greek population.
After being briefly occupied by Greece (from 1919 to 1922), in
the aftermath of the allied victory in WW1, the city was
recaptured by Turkey, and the Onassis family holdings were lost,
spurring them to move to Greece as refugees. By 1932, Onassis had
become a world-class businessman, owning commercial ships,
tankers and whalers. He founded Olympic Airways (today Olympic
Airlines), the Greek national carrier, in 1957. In 1954, the FBI
investigated Onassis for fraud against the U.S. government. He
was charged with violating the citizenship provision of the
shipping laws which requires that all ships displaying the
American flag be owned by United States citizens. Onassis pled
guilty and paid $7 million.
daughter of shipping magnate Stavros
on December 28, 1946; their son, Alexander (April 30,
1948–January 23, 1973), and daughter Christina Onassis,
were born in New York City. After their divorce, Athina married
her late sister's widower—and Onassis's arch shipping
the fact they were both married, Onassis and opera diva Maria
Callas embarked on a notorious affair. According to Greek
Fire: The Story of Maria Callas and Aristotle Onassis
by Nicholas Gage, Callas gave birth to their child, a boy, who
died hours later on March 30, 1960. Onassis cruelly broke with
Callas to marry Jackie Kennedy, the widow of U.S. President John
F. Kennedy, on October 20, 1968.
died in Neuilly-sur-Seine, France of bronchial pneumonia at the
age of 69. Alexander had died in an airplane crash. Christina
inherited his fortune, which has since passed to her only child,
is a 1960 epic war film made by Alpha and Carlyle Productions and
distributed by United Artists. It was produced and directed by
Otto Preminger from a screenplay by Dalton Trumbo from the 1958
novel, Exodus, by Leon Uris. The Super Panavision 70
cinematography was by Sam Leavitt. The music, including the
frequently covered title theme, was written by Ernest Gold.
Stevens related in the 1985 book The Persuasion Explosion that
the idea for the book came about when Edward Gottlieb, an
American Public Relations man seeking to improve Israel's image
in the US, decided to commission a novel about Israel's origin
that showed Israel in a good light and hired Uris to write it.
According to Stevens, "Uris' novel solidified America's
impressions of Israelis as heroes, of Arabs as villains; it did
more to popularize Israel with the American public than any other
single presentation through the media.."
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article "Aristotle Onassis"