short musical composition designed to provide practice
work; Pianist's practice work; Recital piece; Musical exercise;
Piece that teaches technique; Chopin's “Revolutionary,”
4 times a year
Sun Chopin Etudes Op10 nos 1 2 4 5
is the final achievement. After one has played a vast quantity of
notes and more notes, it is simplicity that emerges as the
crowning reward of art.
– Frederic Chopin
etude (from the French word étude
meaning "study") is a short musical composition
designed to provide practice in a particular technical skill in
the performance of a solo instrument. For example, Frederic
Chopin's etude Op. 25 No. 6 trains pianists to play rapid
parallel chromatic thirds, Op. 25 No. 7 emphasizes the production
of singing tone in a melody, and Op. 25 No. 10 covers parallel
studies have been composed since the 18th century, most notably
by Carl Czerny, but it was Chopin who transformed the etude into
an important musical genre. Chopin wrote 24 etudes in two sets of
12 etudes each (Op. 10, Op. 25), plus three more, for a total of
27. Other noted composers of etudes are Franz Liszt, Alexander
Scriabin, and Sergei Rachmaninoff. Etudes for other instruments
have been written as well, for example Rodolphe Kreutzer's etudes
for the violin.
etudes tend to stress a specific aspect of performance
difficulty; Liszt's etudes tend to stress mastery of performance
as a whole.
etudes that are most widely admired are those which transcend
their practical function and come to be appreciated simply as
music. For example, Chopin's etudes are considered not just
technically difficult, but also musically very powerful and
expressive. In contrast, Czerny's are only technically difficult.
Thus Chopin's etudes are continually performed before
appreciative audiences, whereas Czerny's are confined to the
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