of the Day
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Native American people
Related crosswordese: OTO
Oklahoma Indian; Platte River Indians; Plains Indian; Siouan
speaker; Native Nebraskan; Missouri River tribe
7 times a year
and Clark journal entries
those Indians are now out in the Praries following & Hunting
the buffalow, I fear we will not see them
~ William Clark, July 20, 1804
delegation of five wearing claw necklaces and fur turbans.
Photographed by John K. Hillers, January 1881.
Otoe or Oto are a Native American people. The Otoe language,
Chiwere, is closely related to that of the Iowa and Missouri.
Otoe were once part of the Siouan tribes of the Great Lakes
region, commonly known as the Winnebago. At some point, a large
group separated themselves and began to migrate to the south and
west. This group eventually split into at least three distinct
tribes: the Ioway, the Missouria and the Otoe, who finally
settled in the lower Nemaha Valley. Following the Louisiana
Purchase, the Otoe were the first tribe encountered by the Lewis
and Clark Expedition, meeting at a place that would become known
as Council Bluffs. Between 1817 and 1841, the Otoe lived around
the mouth of the Platte River in Nebraska, and during this time
the remaining families of the Missouria rejoined them. The vast
majority of the Otoe-Missouria lands, lying south from the Platte
River in eastern Nebraska, were ceded to the U.S. by treaty in
1854, leaving them with a reservation along the Big Blue River on
the present Kansas-Nebraska border.
the 1870's, the tribe split into two ideological factions. The
Coyote band favored an immediate move to Indian Territory, where
they believed they could perpetuate their traditional tribal life
outside the influence of the whites. The Quaker band favored
continuance on their present land, even if it meant selling the
western half of their current reservation back to the whites. By
the spring of 1880, about half of the tribe had left the
reservation and taken up residence with the Sac and Fox tribe in
Indian Territory. By the next year, in response to dwindling
prospects of self-sufficiency and continued pressure from white
settlers, the federal agents allowed the tribe to sell the Big
Blue reservation, and the Otoe-Missouria purchased a new
reservation in the Cherokee Outlet in the Indian Territory, in
what is now Noble and Pawnee Counties, Oklahoma.
the Otoe-Missouria remain a federally recognized tribe, based in
Red Rock, Oklahoma.
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It uses material from the Wikipedia
article "Otoe tribe".