elected magistrate of a “crowned republic”, esp.
Venice and Genoa
magistrate; Old Venetian judge; Venetian honcho; Venetian V.I.P.;
once a year
in English language:
47148 / 86800
is a dialectal Italian word that descends from the Latin dux (as
does the English duke and the standard Italian duce and duca),
meaning "leader", especially in a military context. The
wife of a Doge is styled a Dogaressa.
title of Doge was used for the elected chief of state in a number
of Italian "crowned republics". The two best known such
republics were Venice (where he was called a Doxe) and Genoa,
which rivaled each other, and the other regional great powers, by
building their historical city-states into maritime, commercial,
and territorial mini-empires.
of Doge Leonardo Loredan wearing the traditional corno ducale
to the chronicler John the Deacon, author of the Chronicon
Venetum ("Chronicle of Venice"), written about AD 1000,
the office of the Doge was first instituted in Venice about 700,
replacing tribunes that had led the cluster of early settlements
in the lagoon. Whether or not the first doges were technically
local representatives of the Emperor of Constantinople, the doge,
like the emperor, held office for life and was similarly regarded
as the ecclesiastical, the civil and the military leader, in a
power structure termed caesaropapism.
the oligarchical element in the constitution developed, the more
important functions of the ducal office were assigned to other
officials, or to administrative boards, and he who had once been
the pilot of the ship became little more than a figurehead. The
last doge was Ludovico Manin, who abdicated on 1797, when Venice
passed under the power of Napoleon's France following his
conquest of the city.
Venice would again shortly declare itself a republic, attempting
to resist annexation by Austria, it would never revive the dogal
style, but various titles including dictator and collective heads
of state, including a triumvirate.
article is licensed under the GNU
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It uses material from the Wikipedia
article "Doge of Venice".