abbreviation meaning: “And others”
List ender; List-shortening
abbr.; Bibliographer's abbr.; Etc. relative; Catchall abbr.; And
others: Abbr.; Latin abbr.
twice a month
alii (et al.)
others" — used to abbreviate a list of names (Alii
is actually masculine, so it can be used for men, or groups of
men and women; the feminine et
is appropriate when the "others" are all female.)
other common Latin abbreviations:
libitum (ad lib)
ease" — means "do as you please",
"improvise", "just ramble on"; especially in
music, theatrical scripts, etc..
cetera (etc. or &c.)
the rest" — nowadays also "and others", "and
so on", "and more".
"for the sake of example", usually rendered in English
as "for example." See: citation signal. (An alternative
interpretation of this abbreviation: "example given".)
the same place" — usually in bibliographic citations.
is (to say)", abbreviated as "i.e." —
sometimes "in this case," depending on the context.
celebrating this holiday (i.e., Christmas), hang a wreath on your
It is never equivalent to "e.g.".
citato (op. cit.)
work (already) cited" — used in academic works when
referring again to the last source mentioned or used.
article is licensed under the GNU
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It uses material from the Wikipedia
article "List of Latin phrases".