climber of Borneo; Ape found on Borneo; Simian swinger;
Long-armed ape; Chimp's cousin; Big ape; Shaggy simian; Sumatra
once a year
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orangutans are two species of great apes with long arms and
reddish, sometimes brown, hair native to Indonesia and Malaysia.
They are the only extant species in the genus Pongo and the
subfamily Ponginae, although that subfamily also includes the
extinct Gigantopithecus and Sivapithecus genera. The orangutan is
an official state animal of Sabah in Malaysia. Their name derives
from the Malay and Indonesian phrase orang hutan meaning "person
of the forest".
are the most arboreal of the great apes, spending nearly all of
their time in the trees, making a new nest in the trees every
night. They are only found in rainforests on the islands of
Borneo and Sumatra, even though fossils have been found in Java,
Vietnam and China. Adult males are about 4.5 ft (1.4 m) tall and
up to 180 lb (82 kg) in weight.
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