flat-topped felt cap with a tassel hanging from the crown
topper; Shriner's cap; Tasseled topper; Brimless hat; Cairo cap;
Casbah headgear; Conventioneer's topper; Hat named for a city;
2 times a year
in English language:
47420 / 86800
fez, or Tarboosh, not to be confused with North African Checheya,
is a red felt hat in the shape of a truncated cone. The fez cap
is of Turkish origin and was worn by many different religious and
ethnic groups in the Ottoman Empire in the 19th century. Its use
has subsequently become less widespread.
fez cap originated in ancient Anatolia, modern Turkey and was
subsequently worn by the Medieval Ottoman Turks during their
conquest of Byzantine Anatolia. During the reign of the Sultan
Mahmud Khan II (1808-39), a European code of dress gradually
replaced the traditional robes worn by members of the Ottoman
court. The change in costume was soon emulated by the public and
senior civil servants, followed by the members of the ruling
intelligentsia and the emancipated classes throughout the Ottoman
Empire. While European style coats and trousers were gradually
adopted, this change did not extend to headwear. Peaked or broad
brimmed headdresses such as the top hat did not meet the Islamic
requirement that men should press their heads to the ground when
praying. Accordingly the Sultan issued a firman (royal decree)
that the checheya headgear in a modified form would become part
of the formal attire of the Turkish Empire irrespective of his
subjects' religious sects or millets.
post-Ottoman Turkey, the fez was discouraged & ultimately
banned under the leadership of the revered Mustafa Kemal
(Ataturk) through the Hat Law in 1925 & the Law Relating to
Prohibited Garments in 1934.
article is licensed under the GNU
Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia
article "Fez (clothing)".