A jacket featuring a stand-up collar
2. First prime minister
Common clues: Kind of jacket; Indira Gandhi's father;
'60s jacket style; India's first prime minister; Gandhi
colleague; 1960s jacket eponym; Jawaharlal of India
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over Jawaharlal Nehru legacy escalates
Nehru's Vision of Modern India
is like a game of cards.
hand you are dealt is determinism; the way you play it is free
~ Jawaharlal Nehru
Nehru (Javāharlāl Nehrū) (November 14, 1889 –
May 27, 1964), also called Pandit ('Teacher') Nehru, was the
leader of the socialist wing of the Indian National Congress
during and after India's struggle for independence from the
He became the first Prime Minister of India at independence on
August 15, 1947, holding the office until his death. A committed
socialist, Nehru was the architect of the 'Avadi Resolution' that
swore by the 'Socialistic Pattern of Society.'
was fascinated by the Soviet Union's Piatiletka or 5-year plans.
But he wrote after a visit there in the 1920s that 'the human
costs are unpayable'. A believer in the 'mixed economy' of Harold
Laski and influenced by the Fabian Society, Nehru wished the
Indian Economy to be partially capitalist, but with the state
occupying a large role, especially in the commanding heights of
setting a path for the economic policy after Independence, he
choose from a set of options considerably more limited than those
available today, and followed to a large degree the conventional
wisdom among academic economists of the time. India's growth rate
in GDP stayed moderately above 4% during all the years that Nehru
was Prime Minister.
had a golden bronze statue of Mahatma Gandhi and a hand of
Abraham Lincoln on his office desk.
1937, Modern Review of Calcutta carried a letter, under the
pen-name Chanakya, that warned members of the Congress Party
against Nehru, then party president, declaring that he had
"tendencies towards autocracy" and needed to be firmly
checked before he "turns into Caesar". It emerged many
years later that the letter was written by Nehru himself.
Nehru jacket is an article of clothing, form of ethnic wear that
originates in India and became popular in the West in the 1960s.
It is modeled after the jackets preferred by the first Prime
Minister of India, Jawaharlal Nehru.
distinctive feature of the jacket is its stand-up collar. Its
popularity in 1960s was buoyed by both the growing awareness of
ethnic diversity and the minimalism of the Mod lifestyle, and
particularly by the Beatles, who wore the jackets during their
1968 trip to India.
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