of several related languages of the Celts in Ireland and
Common clues: Highland
dialect; Gaelic; Irish language; Skye writing; Scottish Gaelic;
Celtic language; Hebrides tongue; Language that gives us
9 times a year
fhiach cuirm gun a còmhradh.
feast is no use without good talk.)
Goidelic languages (also sometimes called the Gaelic languages or
collectively Gaelic) are one of two major divisions of modern-day
Insular Celtic languages (the other being the Brythonic
languages). There are three attested Goidelic languages: Irish
(Gaeilge), Scottish Gaelic (Gàidhlig), and Manx (Gaelg).
Shelta is sometimes mistakenly thought to be a Goidelic language
when it is, in fact, a cant based on Irish and English, with a
primarily English-based syntax.
names in their original Gaelic are becoming increasingly common
on road signs throughout the Scottish Highlands.
Irish and Manx are often referred to as Irish Gaelic and Manx
Gaelic (and they are Goidelic or Gaelic languages) the use of the
word Gaelic is unnecessary because the words Irish and Manx only
ever refer to these languages whereas Scots by itself refers to a
Germanic language and Scottish can refer to things not at all
Gaelic. The word Gaelic by itself is somewhat ambiguous, but most
often refers to Scottish Gaelic and it is the word that Scottish
Gaelic speakers themselves use when speaking English.
due to the peculiar politics of language and national identity,
some Irish speakers are offended by the use of the word Gaelic by
itself to refer to Irish.
some Scottish Gaelic speakers also find offensive the use of the
obsolete word Erse (from Erisch, "Irish") to refer to
their language. This term was used in Scotland since at least the
late 15th century to refer to Gaelic, which had previously been
names used in languages themselves (Gaeilge in Irish, Gaelg in
Manx, and Gàidhlig in Scottish Gaelic) are derived from
Old Irish Goídeleg, which in itself is from the originally
more-or-less derogative term Goídel meaning "pirate,
raider" in Old Welsh. The Goidels called themselves various
names according to their tribal/clan affiliations, but the most
general seems to have been the name rendered in Latin as Scoti.
article is licensed under the GNU
Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia
article "Goidelic Languages".
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