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LES (less)

1. Les Paul: Guitarist and developer of electric guitars
2. A French article
Common clues: Guitarist Paul; Electric guitar pioneer Paul; Guitar innovator Paul; French article; “___ Miserables”; Arles article; “___ Girls”
Crossword puzzle frequency: 9 times a year
Frequency in English language: 4831 / 86800
Les Paul documentary

I used my mother's radio as a PA system. I'd take the telephone, the speaking part, and take those two leads off and lead them into the radio and the sound would come out of the speaker. – Les Paul

Lester William Polsfuss (June 9, 1915 – August 12, 2009) — known as Les Paul — was an American jazz and country guitarist, songwriter and inventor. He was a pioneer in the development of the solid-body electric guitar which "made the sound of rock and roll possible". He is credited with many recording innovations, including overdubbing (also known as sound on sound), delay effects such as tape delay, phasing effects, and multitrack recording.

His innovative talents extended into his playing style, including licks, trills, chording sequences, fretting techniques and timing, which set him apart from his contemporaries and inspired many of the guitarists of the present day. He recorded with his wife Mary Ford in the 1950s and they sold millions of records.

On August 12, 2009, Paul died of complications from pneumonia at White Plains Hospital in White Plains, New York. His family and friends were by his side Paul is survived by his four children and his companion Arlene Palmer. His attorney told the media Paul had been "in and out of the hospital" because of illness.

Upon learning of his death many artists and musicians paid tribute by publicly expressing their sorrow. Among them were Trey Anastasio, Eric Clapton, Randy Bachman, The Edge, Jeff Hanneman, Robby Krieger, B.B. King, Pete Townshend, Tad Kubler, Slash, Jeff Beck, Angus Young, Joe Satriani, Kirk Hammet, Brian "Head" Welch, Joe Perry, Eddie Van Halen, Tony Iommi, Jimmy Page, Brian May, Tom Morello and Keith Richards. After learning of Paul's death, former Guns N' Roses and current Velvet Revolver guitarist Slash called him "vibrant and full of positive energy." U2 guitarist The Edge said, "His legacy as a musician and inventor will live on and his influence on rock and roll will never be forgotten."

On August 21, 2009, he was buried in Waukesha at Prairie Home Cemetery which indicated that his plot would be in an area where visitors can easily view it. Like his funeral in New York on August 19, the burial was private, but earlier in the day a public memorial viewing of the closed casket was held in Milwaukee at the Discovery World Museum with 1,500 attendees who were offered free admission to the Les Paul House of Sound exhibit for the day.


In French, articles and determiners are required on almost every common noun, much more so than in English. They are inflected to agree in gender (masculine or feminine) and number (singular or plural) with the noun they determine, though most have only one plural form (for masculine and feminine). Many also often change form when the word that follows them begins with a vowel sound.

The French definite article is analogous to the English definite article the. Like the, the French definite article is used with a noun referring to a specific item when both the speaker and the audience know what the item is; so, « J'ai cassé la chaise rouge » ("I broke the red chair"). Unlike the, the French definite article is also used with mass nouns and plural nouns with generic interpretation, and with abstract nouns. For example:

« J'aime le lait. » ("I like milk.")
• « J'aime les romans. » ("I like novels.")
• « Le capitalisme a transformé ce pays. » ("Capitalism has transformed this country.")

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Les Paul" and “French articles”.