Word of the Day – Weekend Edition



Word of the Day


Clever Clue of the Month

The Cruciverbalist


Daily Email

AVE (AH-vay)

A Latin salutation and greeting meaning 'hail'
Common clues:
“___ Maria”; Forum greeting; Hail, to Caesar; “Hail, Caesar!”; Old greeting; Roman greeting; Hail from the past; Latin salutation; “Yo, Hadrian!”
Crossword puzzle frequency: 7 times a month
Frequency in English language: 24997 / 86800
Ave Maria

Ave is a Latin word, used by the Romans as a salutation and greeting, meaning "hail". It is the singular imperative form of the verb avēre, which meant "to be well"; thus one could translate it literally as "be well" or "farewell".

"HAVE" Mosaic outside the House of the Faun, Pompeii (Have is a spelling variant of Ave).

The term was notably used to greet the Caesar or other authorities. Suetonius recorded that on one occasion, naumachiarii—captives and criminals fated to die fighting during mock naval encounters—addressed Caesar with the words Ave Caesar! Morituri te salutant! ("Hail, Caesar! Those who are about to die salute you!") in an attempt to avoid death. The expression is not recorded as being used in Roman times on any other occasion.

The Vulgate version of the Annunciation translates the salute of the angel to Mary, Mother of Jesus as Ave Maria, gratia plena ("Hail Mary, full of grace"). Ave Maria is a Catholic Marian prayer that also has inspired authors of religious music.

Fascist regimes during the 20th century also adopted the greeting. It was used during Nazi Germany in the indirect German translation, heil.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Ave".