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ETAL (et-AL)

Latin abbreviation meaning: “And others”
Common clues: List ender; L
ist-shortening abbr.; Bibliographer's abbr.; Etc. relative; Catchall abbr.; And others: Abbr.; Latin abbr.
Crossword puzzle frequency: once a month
News: Say Goodbye to 'Etc,' 'Ie' and 'Eg': Latin Abbreviations Banned From U.K. Government Websites
Why Study Latin

Et alii (et al.)

"And others" — used to abbreviate a list of names (Alii is actually masculine, so it can be used for men, or groups of men and women; the feminine et aliae is appropriate when the "others" are all female.)

Latin Documentary Text

(Acknowledgement of Debt)

2nd Century AD

Caesarea, Mauretania

Some other common Latin abbreviations:

Ad libitum (ad lib)

"At ease" — means "do as you please", "improvise", "just ramble on"; especially in music, theatrical scripts, etc..

Et cetera (etc. or &c.)

"And the rest" — nowadays also "and others", "and so on", "and more".

Exempli gratia (e.g.)

Literally "for the sake of example", usually rendered in English as "for example." See: citation signal. (An alternative interpretation of this abbreviation: "example given".)

Ibidem (ibid.)

"In the same place" — usually in bibliographic citations.

Id est (i.e.)

"That is (to say)", abbreviated as "i.e." — sometimes "in this case," depending on the context. When celebrating this holiday (i.e., Christmas), hang a wreath on your door. It is never equivalent to "e.g.".

Opere citato (op. cit.)

"In work (already) cited" — used in academic works when referring again to the last source mentioned or used.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "List of Latin phrases".