Word of the Day – Monday, February 12th



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ULAN (YOO-lahn)

Ulan Bator: The capital and largest city of Mongolia.

Common clue: _____ Bator; It means “red” in Mongolian; Half an Asian capital?; Bator's leader

Crossword puzzle frequency: 4 times a year

Frequency in English language: 44739 / 86800

Video: Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia DRONE

A donkey that carries me is worth more than a horse that kicks me. – Mongolian proverb

Ulaanbaatar, formerly anglicised as Ulan Bator, is the capital and largest city of Mongolia. The city is not part of any aimag (province), and its population as of 2014 was over 1.3 million, almost half of the country's total population.

Located in north central Mongolia, the municipality lies at an elevation of about 1,300 meters (4,300 ft) in a valley on the Tuul River. It is the country's cultural, industrial and financial heart, the centre of Mongolia's road network and connected by rail to both the Trans-Siberian Railway in Russia and the Chinese railway system.

The city was founded in 1639 as a nomadic Buddhist monastic centre. In 1778, it settled permanently at its present location, the junction of the Tuul and Selbe rivers. Before that, it changed location twenty-eight times, with each location being chosen ceremonially. In the twentieth century, Ulaanbaatar grew into a major manufacturing center.

Suhbaatar, the Mongolian Lenin

Ulaanbaatar has an international airport, Buyant Ukhaa Airport and is connected by highway to all the major towns in Mongolia and by rail to the Trans-Siberian railway and Chinese railroad systems. The city has the only university in the country, Mongolian State University. But there are number of colleges both private and public. A historical library contains a wealth of ancient Mongolian, Chinese, and Tibetan manuscripts.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Ulaanbaatar".