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1. A jacket featuring a stand-up collar
2. First prime minister of India
Common clues: Kind of jacket; Indira Gandhi's father; '60s jacket style; India's first prime minister; Gandhi colleague; 1960s jacket eponym; Jawaharlal of India
Crossword puzzle frequency: 3 times a year
Frequency in English language: 29646 / 86800
Jawaharlal Nehru's Vision of Modern India

Life is like a game of cards. The hand you are dealt is determinism; the way you play it is free will. ~ Jawaharlal Nehru

Jawaharlal Nehru (Javāharlāl Nehrū) (November 14, 1889 – May 27, 1964), also called Pandit ('Teacher') Nehru, was the leader of the socialist wing of the Indian National Congress during and after India's struggle for independence from the British Empire. He became the first Prime Minister of India at independence on August 15, 1947, holding the office until his death. A committed socialist, Nehru was the architect of the 'Avadi Resolution' that swore by the 'Socialistic Pattern of Society.'

Nehru was fascinated by the Soviet Union's Piatiletka or 5-year plans. But he wrote after a visit there in the 1920s that 'the human costs are unpayable'. A believer in the 'mixed economy' of Harold Laski and influenced by the Fabian Society, Nehru wished the Indian Economy to be partially capitalist, but with the state occupying a large role, especially in the commanding heights of the economy.

In setting a path for the economic policy after Independence, he choose from a set of options considerably more limited than those available today, and followed to a large degree the conventional wisdom among academic economists of the time. India's growth rate in GDP stayed moderately above 4% during all the years that Nehru was Prime Minister.

Nehru had a golden bronze statue of Mahatma Gandhi and a hand of Abraham Lincoln on his office desk.

In 1937, Modern Review of Calcutta carried a letter, under the pen-name Chanakya, that warned members of the Congress Party against Nehru, then party president, declaring that he had "tendencies towards autocracy" and needed to be firmly checked before he "turns into Caesar". It emerged many years later that the letter was written by Nehru himself.


The Nehru jacket is an article of clothing, form of ethnic wear that originates in India and became popular in the West in the 1960s. It is modeled after the jackets preferred by the first Prime Minister of India, Jawaharlal Nehru.

The distinctive feature of the jacket is its stand-up collar. Its popularity in 1960s was buoyed by both the growing awareness of ethnic diversity and the minimalism of the Mod lifestyle, and particularly by the Beatles, who wore the jackets during their 1968 trip to India.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Nehru jacket" and Jawaharlal Nehru