South Carolina was the first state to secede from the Union on this day in 1860

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The Confederate States of America
Common clues: Dixie, initially; Lee side?; Jefferson Davis's org.; Org. of 11 southern states; Rebel inits.; Civil War letters; Richmond was its cap.; Johnny Reb's gp.
Crossword puzzle frequency: 3 times a year
Frequency in English language: 23415 / 86800

News: Why Jefferson Davis was loathed in the Confederacy he led
Robert E Lee

If the Confederacy fails, there should be written on its tombstone: Died of a Theory ~ Jefferson Davis

The Confederate States of America (also referred to as the Confederacy, Confederate States, and CSA) was the government formed by eleven southern states of the USA between 1861 and 1865. These eleven states declared their secession from the United States. The United States of America ("The Union") held that secession was illegal, and refused to recognize the Confederacy.

The American Civil War broke out when Confederate batteries fired on the United States Army's Fort Sumter in Charleston, South Carolina, in April 1861. No European powers officially recognized the CSA but British commercial interests sold it warships and operated blockade runners to help supply it. All but two major battles took place in Confederate territory, as the CSA military was slowly overwhelmed by the much larger Union forces and choked by a naval blockade. When Robert E. Lee and the other Confederate generals surrendered their armies in the spring of 1865, the CSA collapsed. A difficult decade-long process of Reconstruction gave civil rights and the vote to the freedmen, and readmitted the states to Congress.

Secession process Dec 1860-May 1861

Seven states seceded by March 1861:

South Carolina (December 20, 1860),

Mississippi (January 9, 1861),

Florida (January 10, 1861),

Alabama (January 11, 1861),

Georgia (January 19, 1861),

Louisiana (January 26, 1861),

Texas (February 1, 1861).

After Lincoln called for troops four more states seceded:

Virginia (April 17, 1861),

Arkansas (May 6, 1861),

Tennessee (May 7, 1861).

North Carolina (May 20, 1861)

Pro-Secession Factions in two states formed Confederate governments and seceded, though these states were also claimed by Union governments:

Missouri (October 31, 1861 by the Neosho Legislature)

Kentucky (November 20, 1861 by the Russellville Convention)

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "CSA".