Labor Day

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The International Longshoremen's Association
Common clues: Labor org.; Waterfront union: Abbr.;
Stevedore's grp.; Dockworkers' org.; Pier gp.; Wharf workers’ gp.
Crossword puzzle frequency: 2 times a year
Frequency in English language: 58272 / 86800
Longshoremen Comedy Ladder Routine at Sea World Orlando

The International Longshoremen's Association is a labor union representing longshore workers along the East Coast of the United States and Canada, the Gulf Coast, the Great Lakes, Puerto Rico, and inland waterways. The ILA has approximately 200 local affiliates in port cities in these areas.

On the Waterfront is a film about mob violence and corruption among longshoremen

The roots of the International Longshoremen’s Association date to colonial America when the arrival of ships bearing goods from Europe was greeted with cries for “Men ‘long shore!” At first, the "longshoremen" who came to the ships were normally engaged in any number of full-time occupations, but they left their work freely to unload the anxiously awaited, sometimes desperately needed, supplies without pay. As America began to develop a fledgling economy, and the ships increased, longshore work became a full-time occupation.

As the nation matured, many new immigrants congregated in the cities, hoping to find work, especially along the coast, where the bulk of business was still being done. The number of professional longshoremen grew by thousands.

While longshoremen in the United States had organized and conducted strikes before there was a United States, the ILA traces its origins to a union of longshoremen on the Great Lakes, the Association of Lumber Handlers founded in 1877, then renamed the National Longshoremen’s Association of the United States in 1892. It joined the AFL in 1895 and renamed itself the International Longshoremen’s Association several years later when it admitted Canadian longshoremen to membership.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "ILA".