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AGORA (A-guhr-uh)

In ancient Greece, a marketplace
Common clues: Shopping hub of old Athens; Pythagorean square?; Old Greek hangout; Athens market; Greek marketplace; Ancient marketplace; Old public square
Crossword puzzle frequency: 3 times a year
Frequency in English language: 42732 / 86800
Athens, Greece: Ancient Acropolis and Agora

An agora, translatable as marketplace, was an essential part of an ancient Greek polis or city-state. An agora acted as a marketplace and a forum for the citizens of the polis. They arose along with the poleis after the fall of Mycenaean civilization, and were well established as a part of a city by the time of Homer (probably the 8th century BC).

Izmir Agora

The most well-known agora is the Ancient Agora of Athens. Agora Open Air Museum of Izmir is one of the well-preserved agoras in the world.

The ancient Athenian agora has been excavated by the American School of Classical Studies since 1931. In the 1950s, the Hellenistic Stoa of Attalos was reconstructed on the east side of the agora, and today it serves as a museum and as storage and office space for the excavation team. Another building that has been rebuilt, using a large amount of its original material, is the Doric temple on a hill overlooking the west side of the agora, the so-called Hephaisteion (previously misidentified as a temple of Theseus and now generally identified as a Temple of Hephaistos), built around 449 BCE.

The word agoraphobia, the fear of critical public situations, derives from agora in its meaning as a marketplace.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Agora".